In this module, the world's need for energy is explained, as well as the main sources of energy currently used. Global warming and the role of Greenhouse Gases in global warming is explained . The IPCC is introduced, as well as the main conclusions from the latest Assessment Report. Various forms of Renewable energy are presented, and the importance of bio-energy is shown.
In this module the various forms of biomass are discussed. The large role that biomass plays in our society, for example in the provision of food, feed and energy, is shown. The various ways in which the biomass composition can be categorised is shown, and analysis methods are discussed.
Biomass can be processed in a number of ways. Fast pyrolysis is one form of thermochemical conversion. Other ways to convert biomass are identified and characteristics and examples are given.
Biomass combustion may very well be the oldest form of biomass conversion, yet it is still used extensively today. In the fast pyrolysis technology combustion processes often have a place, and this particular form of thermochemical conversion is therefore discused. In this course ways to characterise combustion, types of combustion equipment, and combustion applications are presented.
Biomass fast pyrolysis can be used to produce pyrolysis liquid from biomass. Principles that underly this process are shown and the complex nature of pyrolysis oil is explored.
This module focusses on the various applications of pyrolysis liquid, and the different technologies for the production of pyrolysis liquid that have been developed.
This module focusses on the various ways in which pyrolysis liquid can be upgraded. The module starts with the rationale for upgrading. Use of catalysts, as well as some on-going initiatives are discussed. Other subjects are upgrading to hydrocarbons using hydrodeoxygenation or HDO and fractionation of pyrolysis liquid.